ACCOUNTING BASICS

myhomeamericaIn every society where there is exchange of commodities whether physical goods or rendered services, money is always required before any transaction can be completed. Whether it’s a school, hospital, bank, or a local shop around the corner, money is always involved. Since money is involved, there must be an account of how the money is spent. Apart from money, other resources such as time and personnel can also be accounted for. Every asset in the workplace must be accounted for or else it will be mismanaged. In fact no business activity can last for long without a proper account of how the resources of the business are being used. Accounting is surely the language of business. It is an important activity in almost every business organization as long as resources are moving in and out. By now we should be ready to give a formal definition of what accounting in business means.

Accounting is the process of recording and analysing the financial transactions of an organization in an attempt to establish the company’s financial position at any point in time.

The word financial is used because accounting is more focused on money even though other things can be accounted for. However it is important to note that every asset in any establishment such human labour, machinery, building or time, all translates to money. When no monetary value is placed on these items, they are no more than useless. Accounting is heavily centred on creating substantial information about money; one that can be used to tell if a business is doing well or not.

Although accounting is very common, it is often misunderstood. The conception held by most people is that the field is only concerned with crunching numbers-addition, subtraction and stuffs like that. While all these are part of what accountants do, accounting involves a lot more than numbering or business arithmetic. It is an enjoyable field that involves a lot of controversial issues beyond number crunching. Many accountants hold the view that personal skills are necessary for progress. Thus apart from technical requirement, accountants are expected to be judgemental in performing their duties. Sometimes they have to make educated guesses and estimates in order to produce efficient results.

Financial accounting plays a crucial role in both the private and public sectors of any economy. It is the field that drives other fields whether profit or non-profit as long as there is a transaction that involves money whether directly or indirectly. Every activity that involves the buying and selling of goods and services must be accounted for so that the company involved will know if they are making profit or losing. Some of the transactions that might appear on tax return include:

  • Debts owed by the business
  • Wages and salaries paid to workers (employees)
  • Allowances paid to employees
  • Record of goods sold to customers
  • Taxes on sales remitted to the government
  • Receipts of expenses made by the organization
  • Receipts of invoices from suppliers
  • Inventories
  • And more

All these transactions are recorded in an accounting system. An account is then made taken on individual item, whether they are expenditures, cash taxes, debts or inventories. Each of these items is recorded in a separate account.

There are certain accounting terms that are used in almost every accounting exercise; having a basic knowledge of these terms will facilitate your understanding of financial accounting.

Cash

This is the money available to the company. It could be held in a saving or checking accounts.

Inventory

A company’s inventory includes all the products that are yet to be sold. They are held in stock to be sold later to customers.

Equity

Equity refers to the business capital plus the profits made by the organization. It is usually available to the business owner(s).

Fixed assets

Fixed assets are assets that are not mobile. They are used by the company for a long time, e.g. building and machinery.

Accounts receivable

Accounts receivable includes all the sales that were made to customers on credit. A date is usually agreed upon when they will have to make payment.

Accounts payable

These include all debts owed by the company to suppliers and business partners.

There are other terms like revenue, income taxes, administrative and accruable expenses which you have probably come across at one time or the other.

There are two methods of taking accounting information. It is either with accounting software or a journal. All the accounts of the company are usually stored in a ledger. It is from this general ledger that all financial statements are made. Examples of financial statements include balance sheet, income statements, cash flows, disclosures and so on. Since this is an introductory text, we will not be looking into all these terminologies. By now you should have ground knowledge of what accounting is all about.

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CONTACT YOUR ACCOUNTANT

contact-your-accountantThe problem of tax return lodgement will not remain a problem for you anymore. No matter, if your data is scattered and work is blended your accountant provide you with the best possible solutions. Find a recognized company to assist you and provide a way to get your your tax back. The company should have an organized system where professional accountants with a wide range of experience and practical experience guide their clients to get through the process fast and easy. Accountants deal with all kinds of tax returns. The aim of the company is to ensure its clients that their work is done properly and on time without any hurdle. Accounting companies below continuously and courageously work for the people all across America with office locations reachable almost from anywhere. The clients can also get in touch with them online or by phone:

  • if you are in USA:

HR Block – Tax Return New York

  • if you are in Australia:

City Tax Accountants – Tax Return Parramatta

How to Start The procedure?

The client needs to take all the documents for which he wants to pay the tax returns to the branch of  Accountants”. A tax return  will be processed in which the client will be told what sort of benefits he can acquire in paying tax returns, which tax returns can be waived off and what are the deadlines to pay the tax returns without paying any liability. Afterwards,the branch will process his case to tax agent who will check all the necessary files required for tax returns. The tax agent Parramatta will prepare a tax return in which he will check out the form of tax to be paid, the current position of the client and the tax returns to be paid without liabilities. After the necessary check counts, the service provider will refer the client to tax accountant. The tax accountant will compile all the details and he will prepare a tax accountant . In tax accountant , the accountant will analyze business progress of the client and guides the client how to waive off the unnecessary taxes? After satisfying the client by giving him all the necessary details, he will sum up the tax returns to be paid to make the work easier for his client.

What you are Paying For?

Good Tax Accountant Parramatta firstly ensures the satisfaction of the client and when the work is done through proper channel then the company charges its fee. The fee is received once and there is no extra fee to be paid for any sort of work. In any case, the client can contact with the administration of company. Due to honesty and dedication,  Accountant” stands out in the market. The amount of fee to be paid is affordable for all the clients and the fee is actually an investment for the client in a way that the client does not have any work load to adjust the documents and to look into the minor details of the tax returns. The company ensures the client that he is free and manage rest of his tasks peacefully. The company instead of giving false hopes to clients prefers to tell them everything vividly in a straightforward way. If the client is satisfied with all these things, then the company moves further to assist the client.

The company makes sure the following things for its clients:

  • The work is done on the given deadlines and the client is well aware of the given deadlines.
  • The client is approved as a proper tax payer.
  • Ensures the client that he is well aware when each of the step is carried out.
  • The client understands the account details in simple way.
  • The opinion of the client is considered or not.

The payment for the tax returns is paid full without any bungle.

Requirements

The client needs to know about the basic required documents and he should be familiar with the dates to lodge the tax returns with IRS or ATO. It is very important for client to know that Australian tax returns for the tax year beginning 1 July and ending 30 June of the following year are generally due on 31 October after the end of the tax year. The other things that are needed are the declarations that are provided to be in approved form, the form to be filled with all the necessary requirements and the approval of the lodgment in proper manner. Moreover, if the client has any dispute with the IRS, then the client is supposed to let know the company about the basic issue so that the company may file an objection on the behalf of the client.

The client should keep in mind that the tax returns to be paid are different depending on the varied circumstances.

Late Lodging

If you are late and you have not lodged your tax returns, you need not to worry about it. The company will make an equation of tax returns for its clients by following the basic protocols of tax returns and all the trouble to ledge the tax returns lately will run away. The basic protocols that are followed are:

Calculating:

  • Total income
  • Total tax return to be paid with respect to the income

Adding:

  • Debt to ledge
  • Applied Surcharge
  • Repayment

Subtracting:

  • Credits on tax
  • Refunding of off-sets of tax
  • Non-refunding of off-sets of tax

Final Equation:

After all the changes are made, the company prepares the final equation for the client which depicts that what is the amount that should be paid and what would be the amount that is refundable to the client. In this way, the client is satisfied by all means to satisfy him and making things easier for him.

Deductions

There are few things on which tax returns are deducted. These are usually overlooked by most of the people. The deducted returns give a relief to the taxpayer as it helps him to save his money in one way or the other. The tax return deductions are applicable on the following things:

Travelling

Travelling is an everyday phenomenon which is carried out by everyone. And the equipment used in travelling and the vehicle to travel on makes into the tax deduction.

Home Expenses

The things used in home for the common use does not make into the tax returns. These are the everyday expenses. It includes all of the things from owning something to the usage of things in home.

The tax return deductions from these things help the client to save the large amount of money for the future use. From this experience, the client gets to know how to use things and where to use which of things.

Accountants” provides all the facilities and ease to the customer. It makes client learn how to deal with the things, how to pay the tax returns and provides a way to the clients to resolve their matter in difficult situation. It’s a platform for the taxpayer’s worth being at. Try it once and ease yourself for lifetime because our services will never disappoint you.

How to do your taxes Explained